A quick lesson in citrus types – the common and not so common.

1. Lemons

Lemons can be grown in tubs and trained over arbours or flat against fences. The ‘Lisbon’ produces fruit in winter to early spring. ‘Eureka’ produces lemons all through the year. ‘Meyer’ is the most frost hardy. ‘Lots of Lemons’ is a dwarf tree well suited to large tubs. The sweeter ‘Lemonade’ looks like a lemon, but can be eaten like an orange.

2. Unique varieties

There are 40 citrus varieties available in Australian nurseries. Look out for finger limes to use in cocktails and at dinner parties, ‘Buddha Hands’ (pictured), for its fresh citrus fragrance, and ‘Chinotto’ oranges.

3. Mandarins

Children will love garden-grown mandarins, particularly the large ‘Engall’s Seedless’. Other varieties include ‘Imperial’ and ‘Emperor’.

4. Limes

Choose between the ‘Tahitian’, ‘West Indian’ and ‘Kaffir’. Limes will struggle in cold zones, but in warmer areas will bear fruit through summer and winter.

5. Oranges

Planting ‘Washington Navel’, ‘Valencia’ and ‘Lane’s Late Navel’ trees will produce fruit for up to six months. They are all sweet juicing oranges. Foodies will love the ‘Arnold Blood’ variety, a small bushy tree good for pots and small gardens; fruit only ripens mid-winter.

6. Grapefruit

‘Red Grapefruit’ has a sweeter flavour than other varieties; the ‘Marsh’ has yellow flesh with thinner skin; and the ‘Wheeny’ is your common garden variety, quick to grow and crops so heavily every year you may have to share the bounty each winter with neighbours.

Lemons

Lemons can be grown in tubs and trained over arbours or flat against fences. The ‘Lisbon’ produces fruit in winter to early spring. ‘Eureka’ produces lemons all through the year. ‘Meyer’ is the most frost hardy. ‘Lots of Lemons’ is a dwarf tree well suited to large tubs. The sweeter ‘Lemonade’ looks like a lemon, but can be eaten like an orange.

Unique varieties

There are 40 citrus varieties available in Australian nurseries. Look out for finger limes to use in cocktails and at dinner parties, ‘Buddha Hands’ (pictured), for its fresh citrus fragrance, and ‘Chinotto’ oranges.

Mandarins

Children will love garden-grown mandarins, particularly the large ‘Engall’s Seedless’. Other varieties include ‘Imperial’ and ‘Emperor’.

Limes

Choose between the ‘Tahitian’, ‘West Indian’ and ‘Kaffir’. Limes will struggle in cold zones, but in warmer areas will bear fruit through summer and winter.

Oranges

Planting ‘Washington Navel’, ‘Valencia’ and ‘Lane’s Late Navel’ trees will produce fruit for up to six months. They are all sweet juicing oranges. Foodies will love the ‘Arnold Blood’ variety, a small bushy tree good for pots and small gardens; fruit only ripens mid-winter.

Grapefruit

‘Red Grapefruit’ has a sweeter flavour than other varieties; the ‘Marsh’ has yellow flesh with thinner skin; and the ‘Wheeny’ is your common garden variety, quick to grow and crops so heavily every year you may have to share the bounty each winter with neighbours.

 

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